Morocco



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Morocco Economy 2008


Economy - overview: Moroccan economic policies brought macroeconomic stability to the country in the early 1990s but have not spurred growth sufficient to reduce unemployment - nearing 20% in urban areas - despite the Moroccan Government's ongoing efforts to diversify the economy. Morocco's GDP growth rate slowed to 2.1% in 2007 as a result of a draught that severely reduced agricultural output and necessitated wheat imports at rising world prices. Continued dependence on foreign energy and Morocco's inability to develop small and medium size enterprises also contributed to the slowdown. Moroccan authorities understand that reducing poverty and providing jobs are key to domestic security and development. In 2005, Morocco launched the National Initiative for Human Development (INDH), a $2 billion social development plan to address poverty and unemployment and to improve the living conditions of the country's urban slums. Moroccan authorities are implementing reform efforts to open the economy to international investors. Despite structural adjustment programs supported by the IMF, the World Bank, and the Paris Club, the dirham is only fully convertible for current account transactions. In 2000, Morocco entered an Association Agreement with the EU and, in 2006, entered a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the US. Long-term challenges include improving education and job prospects for Morocco's youth, and closing the income gap between the rich and the poor, which the government hopes to achieve by increasing tourist arrivals and boosting competitiveness in textiles.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $125 billion (2007 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $73.43 billion (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 2.2% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,700 (2007 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 13.8% industry: 38.4% services: 47.8% (2007 est.)
Labor force: 11.39 million (2007 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 40% industry: 15% services: 45% (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate: 9.8% (2007 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.6% highest 10%: 30.9% (1999)
Distribution of family income - Gini index: 40 (2005 est.)
Investment (gross fixed): 29.7% of GDP (2007 est.)
Budget: revenues: $20.49 billion expenditures: $21.85 billion (2007 est.)
Public debt: 67.4% of GDP (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2% (2007 est.)
Central bank discount rate: 3.25% (31 December 2007)
Commercial bank prime lending rate: NA (31 December 2007)
Stock of money: $67.42 billion (31 December 2007)
Stock of quasi money: $16.23 billion (31 December 2007)
Stock of domestic credit: $71.9 billion (31 December 2007)
Agriculture - products: barley, wheat, citrus, wine, vegetables, olives; livestock
Industries: phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism
Industrial production growth rate: 5% (2007 est.)
Electricity - production: 21.88 billion kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 19.58 billion kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - imports: 1.998 billion kWh (2006 est.)
Oil - production: 3,746 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - consumption: 179,700 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil - exports: 24,360 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - imports: 192,500 bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - proved reserves: 836,000 bbl (1 January 2008 est.)
Natural gas - production: 60 million cu m (2006 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 60 million cu m (2006 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 1.557 billion cu m (1 January 2008 est.)
Current account balance: -$1.834 billion (2007 est.)
Exports: $12.75 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Exports - commodities: clothing and textiles, electric components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish
Exports - partners: Spain 21.2%, France 19%, Italy 4.9%, UK 4.6%, India 4.2% (2007)
Imports: $28.5 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Imports - commodities: crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics
Imports - partners: France 16.1%, Spain 13.6%, China 7.3%, Italy 6.7%, Saudi Arabia 6.4%, Germany 5.9%, US 4.5%, Netherlands 4.1% (2007)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $24.72 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Debt - external: $19.91 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: $32.9 billion (2007 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: $882 million (2006 est.)
Market value of publicly traded shares: $49.6 billion (2006)
Currency (code): Moroccan dirham (MAD)
Exchange rates: Moroccan dirhams (MAD) per US dollar - 8.3563 (2007), 8.7722 (2006), 8.865 (2005), 8.868 (2004), 9.574 (2003)

NOTE: The economy information regarding Morocco on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Morocco Economy 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Morocco Economy 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.