Sri Lanka



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Sri Lanka Introduction 2000




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Occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century and the Dutch in the 17th century, the island was ceded to the British in 1802. As Ceylon it became independent in 1948; its name was changed in 1972. Tensions between the Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists erupted in violence in the mid-1980s. Tens of thousands have died in an ethnic war that continues to fester.


NOTE: The information regarding Sri Lanka on this page is re-published from the 2000 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sri Lanka Introduction 2000 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sri Lanka Introduction Issues 2000 should be addressed to the CIA.